How many women around the world are victims of income inequality? There is no country in the world where wives earn at least as much as their husbands, according to a new study.
According to a BBC report, the survey looked at the income data of couples from 45 countries over a four-decade period from 1973 to 2016. This is the first global survey on gender inequality in household income.
The research was conducted by Professor Hema Swaminathan and Professor Deepak Malgan of the Center for Public Policy at the Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore.
The study has taken the income of 28 lakh 50 thousand families between the ages of 18 to 65 years. The charity Luxembourg Income Study (LIS) has collected and coordinated this information.
Professor Swaminathan said, “Traditionally, the family is seen as a unit in determining the poverty rate. Generally, the total income of a family is calculated by distributing it equally between husband and wife. But in most cases, the family is the center of a big inequality and we want to unravel it. ”
“Everyone knows about inequality in the Indian labor market,” the report said. In general, very few women are seen in the workplace and they rarely take part in any full-time work.
In this context, the survey was conducted to understand the picture of gender inequality in the world, said Professor Swaminathan and Malgan.
Professor Swaminathan said, “The Nordic countries are seen as a beacon of hope for gender equality, but what about the situation there? Is it equal in the distribution of labor and the distribution of household resources? ”
The two researchers ranked the countries in chronological order based on overall inequality and inequality within the family. Their study found that inequality between rich and poor families has existed for a long time in different countries.
Professor Swaminathan said, “A recent review of data shows that there is no country where wives earn the same as their husbands among working couples, not even in the richest or most developed countries.
“Even in the Nordic countries, which have the lowest gender inequality in the world, we have seen that women’s share of income is less than 50 percent.”
However, four decades of data review have shown that inequality within the family has been reduced by 20 percent. Researchers consider this to be the most ‘promising’ topic in this study.